Thun-Hohenstein, Leo, Count

   Serving as Austrian minister of education from 1849 to 1860, Count Thun was the Habsburg Empire’s most important academic reformer in the 19th century. An enlightened conservative aristocrat from Bohemia, Thun had served as the governor of the kingdom in 1848. It was this experience that underlay his strong support for bilingual education in Czech and German in territories of the empire where both populations were heavily represented. He also thought that if the empire were to survive in an increasingly modern Europe, it would have to encourage multinational political parties. This idea, however, remained little more than a suggestion.
   Following the ideas of thoughtful collaborators such as Franz Exner (1802–1853), Thun undertook the modernization of Austrian secondary and university education. He promoted the revision of the curriculum in the classical Gymnasium and the creation of the Realschule, a secondary school emphasizing the study of modern languages and technical and scientific subjects. On the university level, Thun introduced a greater number of fields leading to terminal degrees. He supported and won for faculty greater academic freedom than had been the custom in the empire and a policy of appointing professors on the basis of their scholarly credentials, not on their political or religious preferences. Though a devout Catholic, Thun allowed Jews and Protestants to hold university teaching positions. Protestants could have their own theological faculties as well. The law curriculum was also updated under Thun’s aegis.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thun und Hohenstein, Leo, Count von — ▪ Austrian statesman born April 7, 1811, Tetschen, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now Děčín, Czech Republic] died December 17, 1888, Vienna, Austria Hungary       pro Czech Austrian statesman and administrator who improved the educational… …   Universalium

  • Count Leo Thun-Hohenstein —     Count Leo Thun Hohenstein     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Count Leo Thun Hohenstein     Austrian statesman, b. at the family castle of Tetschen in Bohemia, 7 April, 1811; d. at Vienna, 17 December, 1888. He received his early education under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thun-Hohenstein — is a family within the Bohemian and Austrian nobility. One branch of the family has dwelled at Děčín (Tetschen), Bohemia, for more than 200 years. Friedrich Thun HohensteinOf the three sons of Count Franz, the eldest, Friedrich (1810 1881),… …   Wikipedia

  • Thun-Hohenstein, Count Leo — • Austrian statesman (1811 1888) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Leo von Thun-Hohenstein — Leopold Leo Graf von Thun und Hohenstein (7 April 1811 ndash; 17 December 1888) was a leading Austrian statesman from the Thun Hohenstein family. Early lifeHe was born in Děčín (Tetschen) as the third son of Count Franz von Thun Hohenstein. After …   Wikipedia

  • Thun und Hohenstein, Franz Anton, Prince zu — ▪ prime minister of Austria born September 2, 1847, Tetschen, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now Děčín, Czech Republic] died November 1, 1916, Tetschen       Austrian administrator, prime minister, and governor of Bohemia, who favoured compromise with …   Universalium

  • Leopold, Count von Thun und Hohenstein — Leopold Leo Graf von Thun und Hohenstein, 1850 …   Wikipedia

  • Bohuslav, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin — Bohuslav Count Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin Count Bohuslav, portrait by Friedrich Kriehuber, 1870 Spouse(s) Countess Wilhelmine Kinsky von Wchinitz u …   Wikipedia

  • Francis Joseph — German Franz Josef born Aug. 18, 1830, Schloss Schönbrunn, near Vienna died Nov. 21, 1916, Schloss Schönbrunn Emperor of Austria (1848–1916) and king of Hungary (1867–1916). He became emperor during the Revolutions of 1848 after the abdication of …   Universalium

  • Hasner, Leopold, Ritter Von (knight of) Artha — ▪ Austrian prime minister born March 15, 1818, Prague died June 5, 1891, Bad Ischl, Austria       economist, jurist, and politician who served as liberal Austrian minister of education (1867–70) and briefly as prime minister (1870).… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.